Today's Date: 

INDEX:

INTRODUCTION:

The purpose of this page is to collect information about significant events in the Middle East.  Over time I have grown weary of the constant finger pointing between the Arabs and the Jews.  I have decided to document significant events in an attempt to clarify why we have the current state of conflict when prior to 1948 we did not.

For this presentation, I will use the following definition:

massacre - the act or instance of unnecessary killing of unarmed, defenseless, or unresisting civilians and/or prisoner combatants.

Middle East Map

Genesis UpArrow

During the life of Abraham

Genesis 17:1-8 - The Abrahamic covenant.

  • Abraham will be the father of many nations (not just one).
  • This covenant is between Abraham and his seed after him (no specifics about Israel at this time).
  • All the land of Canaan will be an everlasting possession for Abraham and his seed after him. (This is interesting as the house of Israel and the house of Judah were driven from the land by YHWH for a time.)
Exodus UpArrow

During the life of Moses

Exodus 19:5 - The land belongs to YHWH.

  • All the land belongs to YHWH.
  • This is a conditional promise given to Moses for the children of Israel predicated on the premiss of obeying the voice of YHWH and keeping the covenant of YHWH.
Leviticus UpArrow

During the life of Moses

Leviticus 19:33 - Do not oppress strangers in the land.

Leviticus 20:22 - The land will vomit you out if you disobey.

Leviticus 25:23 - The land belongs to YHWH.

Leviticus 26:40-46 - The chapter contains instructions and restrictions for living in the land.

  • Conditions for return to the land.
  • I do not see how the people who call themselves Jews or Israel have met these requirements.
  • This chapter also states the penalties for breaking covenant with YHWH.
  • Since ALL of these curses have come to pass, it is certain that the children of Israel broke covenant with YHWH.  I have yet to see where the children of Israel have been restored to covenant relationship with YHWH.
Numbers UpArrow

During the life of Moses

Numbers 33:51-56 - YHWH prophesies that HE will drive HIS people out of the land one day.

  • Verse 56 - This is a very important statement as it means that he will, one day, drive them out of the land which HE did.  I have yet to find a reference in Scripture that states that the Hebrews or Israelites are supposed to return to the land and drive out the inhabitants that live there.

Numbers 34:2-15 - Border definition.

Deuteronomy UpArrow

During the life of Moses

Deuteronomy 10:14 - The earth and all that is in it belongs to YHWH.

Deuteronomy 11:24 - Border definition.

Deuteronomy 28:63 - Banishment from the land.

Joshua UpArrow

During the life of Joshua

Joshua 1:4 - Border definition.

Joshua 11:22-23 - Excluded cities.

  • Cities the Hebrews did not conquor.
  • While this chapter states the land Joshua took, according to the word of YHWH, it limits some of the alleged borders.

Joshua 12:6 - Land allocation east of the Jordan river.

Jeremiah UpArrow

During the life of Jeremiah

Jeremiah 16:18 - YHWH states that the land is HIS.

  • YHWH states that the land is HIS.
  • YHWH states that the inheritance is HIS.  This is huge as this would mean that during Jubilee, the land always reverts back to HIM.

Jeremiah 17:4 - The people are prophesied to let go of the inheritance YHWH gave them.

Jeremiah 19:3-5 - YHWH details the peoples sins against HIM and why HE is exiling them from the land.

Jeremiah 27:22 - The prophesy of Babylonian exile.

  • YHWH states that the people will remain in exile until HE visits them.  This is a very important chapter depending on how it is interpreted.

Jeremiah 30:3 - This verse speaks of Israel AND Judah.

  • This is a very important verse since originally the Jews claimed that they were descendant of the house of Judah which would mean that only the house of Judah was returning.  Today, they have changed their claim to include both houses of Jacob.
Ezekiel UpArrow

593/2 to 562 B.C.

During the life of Ezekiel

Ezekiel 36:1 - This entire chapter needs to be studied.

Ezekiel 47:15-20 - Border definition.

I have paused from referencing the book of Ezekiel.  There are many more references from that book to be added here ASAP.

1299 - 1923 UpArrow

1299 - 1923

The Reign of the Ottoman Empire

Ottoman Empire Keys  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

1914 UpArrow

Europe 1914

Europe 1914

1914

The Damascus Protocol

"The Damascus Protocol was a document given to Faisal bin Hussein by the Arab secret societies al-Fatat and Al-'Ahd on his second visit to Damascus during a mission to consult Turkish officials in Constantinople (1914). The secret societies declared they would support Faisal's father Hussein bin Ali's revolt against the Ottoman Empire, if the demands in the protocol were submitted to the British. These demands, defining the territory of an independent Arab state to be established in the Middle East that would encompass all of the lands of western Asia, then became the basis of the conversation in the Hussein-McMahon Correspondence."

Damascus Protocol  (HTTPS://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)  (2014/0819)

Arab State 1914

Arab State according to Damascus Protocol in 1914

The Damascus Protocol  (WWW.SJUSD.ORG)  (2014/0819)

Chronological Table of Middle East History  (WWW.USERS.CLOUD9.NET)  (2014/0819)

The 1916 Revolt of Sharif Hussein bin Ali Against the Ottoman Empire  (WWW.DARINGOPINION.COM)  (2014/0819)

Arab State 1914 #2

Arab State according to Damascus Protocol in 1914  (HTTP://FINNECT.DEVIANTART.COM)  (2014/0819)

1915 UpArrow

1915

The Hussein-McMahon correspondence

In an exchange of ten letters between Sir Henry McMahon, Britain’s high commissioner in Egypt, and Sharif Hussein bin Ali, Emir of Mecca and King of the Arabs (and great, great grandfather of King Abdullah of modern-day Jordan), Britain pledged to support Arab independence if Hussein’s forces revolted against the Ottomans."

"The exchange of letters became known as the Hussein-McMahon correspondence. Hussein envisioned a unified Arab state stretching from Aleppo (Syria) to Aden (Yemen)."

POV - History of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict  (HTTP://POV-TC-PBS.ORG)  (2014/0814)

Hussein McMahon Correspondance Keys  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

1916 UpArrow

May 1916

The Sykes-Picot Agreement

Sykes-Picot Agreement Keys  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

1917 UpArrow

1917

The Bolshevik revolution in Russia  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

 

The Balfour Declaration

Arabs constituted about 90 percent of the population of Palestine at the time of the Balfour Declaration, but as Lord Balfour explained, "Zionism, be it right or wrong, good, or bad, is rooted in age-long tradition, in present needs, in future hopes, of far profounder import than the desires and prejudices of the 700,000 Arabs who now inhabit that ancient land." Quoted in Christopher Sykes, Crossroads to Israel (London: William Collins, 1965).

A fact often ignored is that the Jewish inhabitants of Palestine at the time by no means generally supported the Zionist program, a fact that bears on the justification for these policies based on the persistence of Jewish settlement in Palestine, specifically, Jerusalem. I know of no careful study of their attitudes, but whatever the breakdown may have been, the threat to Zionist goals was clear and was disturbing to the early settlers. We can learn something about this from the official history of the Haganah ("self-defense" forces), the military arm of the Jewish community (Toldot Habaganab, vol. 2, Ma'arachot Publishing House, pp. 251f., a section on "special activities"). The section concerns a Dutch Jewish poet, Dr. Israel Jacob de Haan, who came to Israel and became involved with the Orthodox Jewish community (the "old Yishuv," the pre-Zionist Jewish settlement). He began to organize them in anti- Zionist political activities and "to construct a united front of the old Yishuv with the Arab Higher Committee against the new Yishuv and the Zionist enterprise." His activities took on a "pathological character" when, together with Rabbi Sonnenfeld, he proclaimed "the opposition of native-born Jews to Zionism" (the pathological character of his activities was further revealed, the official history states, by his homosexuality). The Central Bureau of Haganah gave an order "to remove the traitor from the land of the living," and he was duly assassinated by two Haganah agents, recent immigrants from Russia, "as he left the small synagogue in the 'Shaarey Tsedek' hospital" on June 30, 1924.

The section concludes with a description of another "special action," the placing of a bomb in the house of an Arab leader who lived near the Wailing Wall where Arab youths were alleged to have been disturbing Jews at prayer (summer 1927).

Contrary to the impression often conveyed by the American literature, terrorism has not been a monopoly of the PLO.

ARMAGEDDON IS WELL LOCATED (1978)  by Noam Chomsky  (WWW.DITEXT.COM)  (2014/0723)

1918 UpArrow

1918

Britain wins control over the area of Palestine from the Ottoman Empire.

As a result of World War I, Britain wins control over the area of Palestine from the Ottoman Empire. The area becomes known as British-mandate Palestine. [A mandate is an authorization to govern over conquered territory]. From 1918 to 1948, Britain governs over the Jews and Arabs living in this territory.

POV - History of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict  (HTTP://POV-TC-PBS.ORG)  (2014/0814)

1920 UpArrow

1920

British Mandate of Palestine

"Inaugurated in 1920 and ending in 1947, the British Mandate for Palestine was the product of 1) British political ambitions to replace the Ottoman Empire in the Middle East, 2) Britain's promises of colonial control to the French in the region, and 3) conflicting British promises of self-determination to the Arabs and Jewish statehood for Zionists. The British ruled Palestine under the League of Nations Mandate which followed Britain's Balfour Declaration of 1917, whose unilateral principle was "the establishment of a national home for the Jewish people," in Biblical Palestine.""

Jewish Terrorism under the British Mandate  (WWW.CJPMO.ORG)  (2014/0827)

March 1, 1920

Battle of Tel Hai

"The Battle of Tel Hai was fought in March 1920 during the Franco-Syrian War between Arab irregulars under the banner of the Arab Kingdom of Syria and Jewish defensive paramilitary force, protecting the village of Tel Hai in Northern Galilee. In the course of the event, a Shiite Arab militia, accompanied by Bedouin from a nearby village, attacked the Jewish agricultural locality of Tel Hai. In the aftermath of the battle eight Jews and five Arabs were killed. Joseph Trumpeldor, the commander of Jewish defenders of Tel Hai, was shot in the hand and stomach, and died while being evacuated to Kfar Giladi that evening. Tel Hai was eventually abandoned by the Jews and burned by the Arab militia."

"The event is perceived by some scholars as the first significant outbreak of violence, eventually leading to the Arab–Israeli conflict three decades later."

Battle of Tel Hai  (HTTPS://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)  (2014/0819)

I intend to research this event further as this report does not have a 'ring of truth' to it.  This account seems very one sided.

April 4-7, 1920

Nebi Musa riots or 1920 Jerusalem riots

"The riots coincided with and are named after the Nabi Musa festival, which took place every year on Easter Sunday, and followed rising tensions in Arab-Jewish relations."

1920 Nebi Musa riots  (HTTPS://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)  (20140727)

April 19, 1920

San Remo conference

"An international meeting of the post-World War I Allied Supreme Council, held at Villa Devachan in Sanremo, Italy, from 19 to 26 April 1920. It was attended by the four Principal Allied Powers of World War I who were represented by the prime ministers of Britain (David Lloyd George), France (Alexandre Millerand) and Italy (Francesco Nitti) and by Japan's Ambassador K. Matsui."

San Remo conference  (HTTPS://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)  (20140727)

1921 UpArrow

1921

Britain gives the area of British-mandate Palestine east of the Jordan River to Emir Abdullah, to form the Hashemite Kingdom of TransJordan. This area is now known as the country of Jordan.

May 1-7, 1921

Jaffa riots

"The Jaffa riots (Hebrew: מאורעות תרפ"א ‎) (commonly known in Hebrew as Me'oraot Tarpa)[1] were a series of violent riots in Mandatory Palestine on May 1–7, 1921, which began as a fight between two Jewish groups but developed into an attack by Arabs on Jews during which many were killed. The rioting began in Jaffa and spread to other parts of the country. The riot resulted in the deaths of 47 Jews and 48 Arabs. 146 Jews and 73 Arabs were wounded."

Jaffa riots  (HTTPS://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)  (20140727)

I need to investigate this event more.  I am suspicious of the lack of information I found available on my first look into this subject.

1924 UpArrow

June 30 - July 1, 1924

Jewish members of Haganah assassinate Jacob Israel de Haan

Jacob Israel de Haan  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

ARMAGEDDON IS WELL LOCATED (1978)  by Noam Chomsky  (WWW.DITEXT.COM)  (2014/0723)

1929 UpArrow

1929

Safed Massacre

 

August 23-29, 1929

1929 Palestine riots

"refers to a series of demonstrations and riots in late August 1929 when a long-running dispute between Muslims and Jews over access to the Western Wall in Jerusalem escalated into violence."

1929 Palestine riots  (HTTPS://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)  (20140727)

August 24 1929

The Hebron Massacre refers to the killing of sixty-seven Jews in Hebron on 24 August 1929

The Hebron Massacre of 1929  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

August 26 1929

Desecration of the Nebi Akasha Mosque, 26 August

 

1936 UpArrow

1936-39

Peasant revolt

Put down by the British with thousands of Arabs killed.

ARMAGEDDON IS WELL LOCATED (1978)  by Noam Chomsky  (WWW.DITEXT.COM)  (2014/0723)

1937 UpArrow

1937

March 6, 1937

The Haifa Massacre

"Terrorists from the Irgun and Lehi Zionist gangs bombed a market in Haifa killing 18 Arab civilians and wounding 38."

Notorious massacres of Palestinians between 1937 & 1948  (WWW.MIDDLEEASTMONITOR.COM)  (2014/0817)

October 1, 1937

The Jerusalem Massacre

"A member of the Irgun Zionist organisation detonated a bomb in the vegetable market near the Damascus (Nablus) Gate in Jerusalem killing dozens of Arab civilians and wounding many others."

Notorious massacres of Palestinians between 1937 & 1948  (WWW.MIDDLEEASTMONITOR.COM)  (2014/0817)

 

I need to investigage this time period between 1937 and 1938 for an alleged subsequent campaign of terror against Jews, "moderate Arabs," and British officials led to Jewish reprisals and the outlawing of the Arab national organizations by the British.  Something does not make sense.  Qui Bono?  Who benefits?

"Porath estimates that no more than several thousand Arab families were evicted through land purchase, though the political repercussions were significant: "It is no coincidence then that the main centres of the 1936-9 Revolt were close to the main areas of Jewish colonisation"."

 

1938 UpArrow

September 1938

The Munich agreement

 

ARMAGEDDON IS WELL LOCATED (1978)  by Noam Chomsky  (WWW.DITEXT.COM)  (2014/0723)

July 6, 1938

The Haifa Massacre

"Terrorists from the Irgun Zionist gang placed two car bombs in a Haifa market killing 21 Arab civilians and wounding 52."

Notorious massacres of Palestinians between 1937 & 1948  (WWW.MIDDLEEASTMONITOR.COM)  (2014/0817)

July 13, 1938

The Jerusalem Massacre

"10 Arabs killed and 31 wounded in a massive explosion in the Arab vegetable market in the Old City."

Notorious massacres of Palestinians between 1937 & 1948  (WWW.MIDDLEEASTMONITOR.COM)  (2014/0817)

July 15, 1938

The Jerusalem Massacre

"A member of the Irgun Zionist gang threw a hand grenade in front of a mosque in Jerusalem as worshippers were walking out. 10 were killed and 30 were wounded."

Notorious massacres of Palestinians between 1937 & 1948  (WWW.MIDDLEEASTMONITOR.COM)  (2014/0817)

July 25, 1938

The Haifa Massacre

"A car bomb was planted by the Irgun Zionist gang in an Arab market in Haifa which killed 35 Arab civilians and wounded 70."

Notorious massacres of Palestinians between 1937 & 1948  (WWW.MIDDLEEASTMONITOR.COM)  (2014/0817)

July 26, 1938

The Haifa Massacre

"A member of Irgun threw a hand grenade in a Haifa market killing 47 Arabs."

Notorious massacres of Palestinians between 1937 & 1948  (WWW.MIDDLEEASTMONITOR.COM)  (2014/0817)

August 26, 1938

The Jerusalem Massacre

"A car bomb placed by the Irgun gang exploded in a Jerusalem Arab market killing 34 Arabs and wounding 35."

Notorious massacres of Palestinians between 1937 & 1948  (WWW.MIDDLEEASTMONITOR.COM)  (2014/0817)

1939 UpArrow

March 27, 1939

The Haifa Massacre

"The Irgun Zionist gang detonated two bombs in Haifa killing 27 Arabs and wounding 39."

Notorious massacres of Palestinians between 1937 & 1948  (WWW.MIDDLEEASTMONITOR.COM)  (2014/0817)

May 1939

White Paper (a.k.a. The MacDonald White Paper)

There was an abortive political effort to achieve self-governing institutions in Palestine in the face of British and Zionist opposition, and the growing opposition to Jewish immigration, leading to general strike and rebellion when it had become obvious that there was "no real chance of effecting any significant change in the British policy in Palestine through peaceful means" and that Palestinian Arabs were destined to "become a minority community of no significance in the country where they had constituted the overwhelming majority".

ARMAGEDDON IS WELL LOCATED (1978)  by Noam Chomsky  (WWW.DITEXT.COM)  (2014/0723)

The White Paper of 1939, also known as the MacDonald White Paper after Malcolm MacDonald, the British Colonial Secretary who presided over it, was a policy paper issued by the British government under Neville Chamberlain in which the idea of partitioning the Mandate for Palestine, as recommended in the Peel Commission Report of 1937, was abandoned in favour of creating an independent Palestine governed by Palestinian Arabs and Jews in proportion to their numbers in the population by 1939.

The White Paper of 1939 (a.k.a. MacDonald White Paper)  (HTTP://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)

June 12, 1939

The Balad Al-Shaykh Massacre

"The Haganah Zionist gang raided the city of Balad Al-Shaykh capturing 5 residents who they then killed. The city of Balad Al-Shaykh is a Palestinian Arab city located east of Haifa."

Notorious massacres of Palestinians between 1937 & 1948  (WWW.MIDDLEEASTMONITOR.COM)  (2014/0817)

June 19, 1939

The Haifa Massacre

"Zionist raiders threw a hand grenade in a Haifa market killing 9 Arabs and wounding 4."

Notorious massacres of Palestinians between 1937 & 1948  (WWW.MIDDLEEASTMONITOR.COM)  (2014/0817)

1940 UpArrow

November 25, 1940

Jewish Haganah sink the SS Patria in the port of Haifa.

SS Patria Keys  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

1943 UpArrow

Spring, 1943

Jewish ghetto residents stage an armed uprising against the Nazi occupation.

It is spring 1943 and the residents of the Jewish ghetto of Warsaw are staging an armed uprising against the Nazi occupation. For four years, more than 400,000 Jews had been confined to an area of about one square mile, sealed off by walls, barbed wire and constant military surveillance. Anyone trying to escape was shot on sight. Just as the Israeli government’s blockade of the Gaza Strip controls what goes in and out, including Gazans’ daily calorie intake, the Nazis also maintained total control over what went into the Warsaw ghetto. Food was in short supply. Disease and starvation killed thousands every month.

Faced with the prospect of forced deportation to concentration camps, several Jewish resistance groups created two armed units, the Jewish Combat Organisation and the Jewish Military Union. At the time of the uprising, the total number of fighters was around 800. At some point, they established contact with the Polish Home Army and obtained guns and explosives. As well as these weapons, the Jews fought their oppressor with third-rate rifles, homemade grenades and Molotov cocktails.

As the Nazis began to destroy the ghetto – like Gaza, a densely populated civilian area – it was discovered that the fighters had stored their munitions in synagogues, private houses and underground tunnels. In fact, it was also discovered that residents of the ghetto had constructed underground bunkers in preparation for the uprising. So, when the Nazis entered the ghetto on 19 April 1943, the eve of Passover, with the intention of liquidating the inhabitants, they found it empty: everyone was hiding in the bunkers and tunnels.

During this time, the fighters issued the following manifesto to the people of Poland: ‘Long live the fraternity of blood and weapons in a fighting Poland! Long live freedom! Death to the hangman and the killer! We must continue our mutual struggle against the occupier until the very end.’ It took the Nazis almost a month to break the resistance. Just as Netanyahu boasts of the destruction of ‘terror tunnels’, SS general Jürgen Stroop reported that his forces had destroyed over 600 bunkers. For months after the ghetto’s liquidation, Jewish groups remained in hiding and continued to fight the Nazis. They weren’t about to relinquish their memories of homeland.

What would you say to Mordecai Anielewicz, who commanded the Jewish Combat Organisation? Would you be able to hold his gaze and call him a terrorist? Would you accuse him of using human shields because he hid his arsenal in people’s homes? Would you say that the destruction of the Great Synagogue on Tlomackie Street, one of the wonders of nineteenth century Polish architecture, was a legitimate target? Of course, your answer is no because, according to the logic of your Zionist posturing, the infinite humanity of the Warsaw Jews is matched only by the abject inhumanity of Palestinians. So, while the former had every right to resist oppression by any means necessary, for the latter group – whom Zionism has stripped of their homeland and subsequently their place in history – even the possession of the most mediocre of weapons justifies brutal retaliation by their occupier.

Special Report | “You know what is happening”: Letter to an Israeli friend  (HTTP://CEASEFIREMAGAZINE.CO.UK)  (2014/0930)

1944 UpArrow

November 1944

Lord Moyne assassinated by the Israelis

November 1944 assassination of Lord Moyne, Leader of the House of Lords, Secretary of State for the Colonies, Resident Minister in Cairo

"The standard interpretation is so familiar that it is perhaps superfluous to document it. The most interesting examples, in my opinion, are those produced in left-liberal circles. See, for example, Michael Walzer, "The New Terrorists," New Republic August 30, 1975. He considers the evolution in patterns of terrorism in the past generation. The "new terrorists," such as the PLO, are "thugs and fanatics" who murder at random, whereas in the good old days terrorism was a political weapon (which of course we deplore) directed to specific targets, as when the Zionist Stern Gang killed Lord Moyne in 1944, taking pains not to shoot the Egyptian constable who apprehended them. Walzer might have added that, as in the cases discussed earlier, the killers are honored in Israel; in this case, one of the commanders of the operation is speaker of the Knesset, while "the Israeli Ministry of Education and Culture published a special booklet to mark the thirtieth anniversary of the execution" of the two patriots who killed Lord Moyne (Al Hamishmar, April 4, 1975).

ARMAGEDDON IS WELL LOCATED (1978)  by Noam Chomsky  (WWW.DITEXT.COM)  (2014/0723)

Lehi (group)  (HTTPS://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)  (2014/0726)

Walter Guinness, 1st Baron Moyne  (HTTPS://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)  (2014/0726)

The History and Memory of the Assassination of Lord Moyne  (HTTP://SCHOLARWORKS.UNO.EDU)  (2014/0726)

A Summary of Zionist Terrorism in the Near East — 1944-1948  (HTTP://IAMTHEWITNESS.COM)  (2014/0726)

Yitzhak Shamir: Why we killed Lord Moyne  (WWW.TIMESOFISRAEL.COM)  (2014/0726)

The Stern Gang murdered Lord Moyne, Churchill’s popular Secretary of State  (WWW.LOOKANDLEARN.COM)  (2014/0726)

Walter Edward Guinness, 1st Baron Moyne  (WWW.BRITANNICA.COM)  (2014/0726)

EARLY ZIONIST TERRORIST GANGS  (HTTP://GUARDIAN.150M.COM)  (2014/0726)

Israel - Founded By And Living On Terror  (WWW.RENSE.COM)  (2014/0726)

1946 UpArrow

July 22, 1946

Jews bomb the King David Hotel

Jewish Irgun dressed as Arabs bomb the King David Hotel killing 91 civilians (Arab, British, & Jewish).  Not all the 91 one people killed were members of the British Security Forces. There were 15 Jews among the dead, including women who had been working as secretaries in the building.

The King David Hotel Bombing  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

1947 UpArrow

1947

OPERATION HAFARFERET:

The essence of this secret plan, revealed for the first time on 25 October 1991 by the Hebrew newspaper Hadashot, was to expel the Arab inhabitants of the 'Little Triangle' (over 40,000 Israeli Arab citizens), apparently to Jordan.

Nur Masalha: Israel's Moral Responsibility Towards the Palestinian Refugees  (WWW.NAD-PLO.ORG)  (2014/0818)

Disappearing Palestine (extract)  (WWW.JONATHAN-COOK.NET)  (2014/0818)

Professor Nur Masalha  (WWW.SMUC.AC.UK)  (2014/0818)

"First approve hundreds of building projects, then announce a “freeze” excluding the approved projects!"

The 10-month Settlement “freeze”: Yet another Israeli Charade  (HTTP://FALASTEENI-MYPALESTINE.BLOGSPOT.COM)  (2014/0818)

December 12, 1947

The Al-Tirah Massacre

On 12th of December 1947, Irgun Zvai Leumi (IZL) terror gang raided the village and killed 13, and wounded 10 villagers. Also when al-Tira was occupied, the Israeli soldiers massacred and burned 25 to 30 of the village defenders.

Al-Tira Massacre Keys  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

December 13, 1947

I need to research if these two events are the same.

The Al Abbasiyah Massacre

A group of Irgun members disguised as British soldiers attacked the village of Al Abbasiyah and opened fire on its residents sitting outside a village café. They also bombed a number of their homes and planted several time bombs. Moreover, British soldiers surrounded the village and allowed the killers to escape from the northern side of the village. They killed 7 and severely wounded 7 others 2 of whom died later including a 5 year old child.

al-Khisas Massacre Keys  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

The Yehiday Massacre

"Men of the Arab village of Yehiday (near Petah Tekva, the first Zionist settlement to be established) met at the local coffee house when they saw a British Army patrol enter the village, they were reassured especially that Jewish terrorists had murdered 12 Palestinians the previous day. The four cars stopped in front of the cafe house and out stepped men dressed in khaki uniforms and steel helmets. However, it soon became apparent that they had not come to protect the villagers. With machine guns they sprayed bullets into the crowd gathered in the coffee house. Some of the invaders placed bombs next to Arab homes while other disguised terrorists tossed grenades at civilians. For a while it seemed as if the villagers would be annihilated but soon a real British patrol arrived to foil the well organized killing raid. The death toll of 7 Arab civilians could have been much higher."

HISTORY OF MODERN ISRAEL  (WWW.SAVEYOURHERITAGE.COM)  (2014/0827)

Yehiday Massacre Keys  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

December 18, 1947

AL-KHISAS (AL-KHASAS) MASSACRE: (December 18, 1947)

Two carloads of Jewish Haganah terrorists drove through the village of Khisas (on the Lebanese Syrian border) firing machine guns and throwing grenades. 10 Palestinian civilians were killed in the raid including 5 children.

al-Khisas Massacre Keys  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

"3 Zionists from the “Maayan Baruch” kibbutz attacked and shot 5 Arab workers on their way to work. During the attack, one of the Zionists was stabbed and killed prompting the commander of the Palmach third battalion, Moshe Kelman, to ordere a retaliatory operation to burn the homes and kill the men in Al-Khasas. The commander’s report notes that 12 were killed, all of whom were women and children."

Notorious massacres of Palestinians between 1937 & 1948  (WWW.MIDDLEEASTMONITOR.COM)  (2014/0817)

December 19, 1947

The Qazaza Massacre

"5 Arab children were murdered when Jewish terrorists blew up the house of the village Mukhtar."

Massacres against Palestinians (1947-1994)  (WWW.WHALE.TO)  (2014/0827)

Qazaza Massacre Keys  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

December 29, 1947

The Jerusalem Massacre

"Irgun members threw a barrel full of explosives near Bab al-Amud in Jerusalem which resulted in the death of 14 Arabs and the wounding 27 others."

Notorious massacres of Palestinians between 1937 & 1948  (WWW.MIDDLEEASTMONITOR.COM)  (2014/0817)

December 30, 1947

The Jerusalem Massacre

"The Irgun gang threw a bomb from a speeding car killing 11 Arabs."

Notorious massacres of Palestinians between 1937 & 1948  (WWW.MIDDLEEASTMONITOR.COM)  (2014/0817)

December 30, 1947

HAIFA OIL REFINERY MASSACRE: (December 30, 1947)

The Haifa Oil Refinery massacre took place on 30 December 1947.  After members of the Zionist paramilitary organisation, the Irgun, threw a number of grenades at a crowd of 100 Arab day-labourers who had gathered outside the main gate of the then British-owned Haifa Oil Refinery looking for work, six people were killed and 42 wounded.  Minutes after this attack, Arab refinery workers and others began attacking the Jewish refinery workers, resulting in 39 deaths and 49 injuries, before British army and Palestine Police units arrived to put an end to the violence.  Haganah later retaliated by attacking two nearby Arab villages in what became known as the Balad al-Shaykh Massacre, where between 21 and 70 Arabs were killed, while skirmishes followed in Haifa.

Haifa Oil Refinery massacre  (HTTPS://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)

For a description of the massacre in the Lebanese village of Hula for which Lahis was responsible as perceived by the victims, see Rosemary Sayigh, From Peasants to Revolutionaries (London: Zed Press, 1979), a study based on interviews with Palestinian refugees. She reports, for example, the case of a young Lebanese boy who later joined the Palestinian resistance; his family fled their village "because the Zionists carried out a massacre in Hula, a village near ours," he informed her. If he takes part in a terrorist attack leading to an Israeli bombing of a village, the press will denounce this unprovoked act of Arab terrorism followed by an unfortunate (but understandable) Israeli reprisal.

ARMAGEDDON IS WELL LOCATED (1978)  by Noam Chomsky  (WWW.DITEXT.COM)  (2014/0723)

December 31, 1947

The Balad Al-Shaykh (Balad el-Sheikh) Massacre

"A joint force of the first Palmach battalion and a brigade led by Haim Avinoam attacked the Balad Al-Shaykh village killing 60 civilians, according to Zionist sources. Those killed included children, women and the elderly, and dozens of homes were destroyed."

Notorious massacres of Palestinians between 1937 & 1948  (WWW.MIDDLEEASTMONITOR.COM)  (2014/0817)

December 31, 1947

Al-Sheikh Break Massacre

"Zionist terrorist groups raided the village of Al-Sheikh Break, killing 40."

Notorious massacres of Palestinians between 1937 & 1948  (WWW.MIDDLEEASTMONITOR.COM)  (2014/0817)

1948 UpArrow

1948

Operation Hiram

"Operation Hiram was a military operation conducted by the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War."

Operation Hiram  (HTTPS://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)  (2014/0827)

January 4, 1948

The Jaffa Massacre

The Zionist Stern Gang threw a bomb in a crowded plaza in Jaffa, killing 15 people and wounding 98.

Notorious massacres of Palestinians between 1937 & 1948  (WWW.MIDDLEEASTMONITOR.COM)  (2014/0817)

January 4, 1948

The Al-Saraya Massacre

On January 4, 1948 the Irgun Zionist terrorist gang placed a car full of explosives near Al-Saraya in Jaffa which destroyed all that surrounded it, killed 30 Arabs and wounded several others. A fairly large number of the victims were Jaffa’s intellectual youth.

Notorious massacres of Palestinians between 1937 & 1948  (WWW.MIDDLEEASTMONITOR.COM)  (2014/0817)

January 5, 1948

The Semiramis Massacre

The Haganah bombed the Semiramis Hotel located in the Katamon neighbourhood in Jerusalem. The hotel collapsed on its guests, all of whom were Arab, killing 19 and wounding over 20.

Notorious massacres of Palestinians between 1937 & 1948  (WWW.MIDDLEEASTMONITOR.COM)  (2014/0817)

January 7, 1948

The Jerusalem Massacre

The Irgun gang threw a bomb at the Jaffa Gate in Jerusalem, killing 18 Arab civilians and wounding 40 others.

Notorious massacres of Palestinians between 1937 & 1948  (WWW.MIDDLEEASTMONITOR.COM)  (2014/0817)

January 8, 1948

The Al-Saraya Al-Arabeya Massacre

Zionist terrorist gangs used a car bomb to kill 70 Arab civilians and wound dozens.

Notorious massacres of Palestinians between 1937 & 1948  (WWW.MIDDLEEASTMONITOR.COM)  (2014/0817)

January 15, 1948

The Ramla Massacre

Palmach soldiers and the Haganah bombed one of the Arab neighbourhoods in Ramla.

Notorious massacres of Palestinians between 1937 & 1948  (WWW.MIDDLEEASTMONITOR.COM)  (2014/0817)

January 22, 1948

The Yazur Massacre

Yigael Yadin, a Haganah commander, ordered the Palmach commander, Yigal Allon, to carry out an operation against the village of Yazur. A group from the Palmach attacked a bus near Yazur, wounding the bus driver a several Arab passengers. On the same day, another group attacked another bus killing and wounding several people. These attacks by the Palmach and Givati Brigades on Arab villages and cars continued for 20 consecutive days while other units detonated bombs near village homes.

Then the Haganah authorities decided to attack the village and bomb the ice factory along with two buildings around it. A Haganah group opened fire on the ice factory in the village, while other groups opened fire and used hand grenades on the homes in the village. Moreover, an engineering group bombed the Askandroni building, the ice factory, and killed 15 people.

Notorious massacres of Palestinians between 1937 & 1948  (WWW.MIDDLEEASTMONITOR.COM)  (2014/0817)

February 10, 1948

The Tabra Tulkarem Massacre

"A group of Zionist terrorists stopped Arab citizens going back to the village of Tabra Tulkarem and opened fire on them, killing 7 and wounding 5 others."

Notorious massacres of Palestinians between 1937 & 1948  (WWW.MIDDLEEASTMONITOR.COM)  (2014/0817)

February 10, 1948

THE SA’SA’ (Safsaf) MASSACRES:

"The village suffered two massacres committed by Haganah forces: one in mid-February 1948 and the other at the end of October the same year."

Sa'sa'  (HTTPS://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)  (2014/0827)

Sa'sa' Massacres Key  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

February 20, 1948

The Jerusalem Massacre

"The Stern Gang stole a British army vehicle, filled it with explosives, and placed it in front of the Al Salam building in Jerusalem. The explosion killed 14 Arabs and wounded 26."

Notorious massacres of Palestinians between 1937 & 1948  (WWW.MIDDLEEASTMONITOR.COM)  (2014/0817)

February 29, 1948

THE CAIRO-HAIFA TRAIN BOMBINGS:

"During the 1948 war, on February 29 and again on March 31, the military coaches of the Cairo-Haifa train were mined by the Jewish militant group Lehi."

Cairo–Haifa train bombings 1948  (HTTPS://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)  (2014/0827)

THE CAIRO-HAIFA TRAIN BOMBINGS  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

March 31, 1948

THE CAIRO-HAIFA TRAIN BOMBINGS:

"During the 1948 war, on February 29 and again on March 31, the military coaches of the Cairo-Haifa train were mined by the Jewish militant group Lehi."

Cairo–Haifa train bombings 1948  (HTTPS://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)  (2014/0827)

THE CAIRO-HAIFA TRAIN BOMBINGS  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

April 1948

Jewish terrorist attack in Jaffa's town hall.

Jewish Lehi detonate a truck bomb in Jaffa's town hall.  The driver was reported to be wearing the uniform of the Royal Irish Fusiliers.  (false flag operation)

Jaffa Keys  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)  (2014/0820)

April 1948

Israel attacks Jaffa and Haifa

ARMAGEDDON IS WELL LOCATED (1978)  by Noam Chomsky  (WWW.DITEXT.COM)  (2014/0723)

April 5-20 1948

ISRAELI OPERATION NACHSHON:

"a Jewish military operation during the 1948 war. Lasting from 5–20 April 1948, its objective was to break the Siege of Jerusalem by opening the Tel-Aviv - Jerusalem road blockaded by Palestinian Arabs and to supply food and weapons to the isolated Jewish community of Jerusalem."

Operation Nachshon  (HTTPS://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)  (2014/0830)

Operation Nachshon Keys  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

April 9, 1948

THE DEIR YASSIN (Dayr Yasin, Deir Yasin) MASSACRE:

"Jewish Irgun and Lehi (the Stern Gang) kill 250 civilians at Deir Yassin (Dayr Yasin)"

ARMAGEDDON IS WELL LOCATED (1978)  by Noam Chomsky  (WWW.DITEXT.COM)  (2014/0723)

"...Palestinian civilians were tortured, killed and their bodies mutilated; where women were raped, babies were butchered and the bellies of pregnant women ripped open."

"On April 9, 1949, early morning on a Friday, Menachem Begin and Stern Gang gathered commandos of the Irgun and Haganah and attacked Dir Yassin even after the village had agreed to a non-aggression pact. This village had about 750 Palestinian residents and lay near the area which United Nations declared to be included in the future Jewish state. Although the village had a peaceful reputation but its location suited Jews the most as it lay between Tel Aviv and Jerusalem."

Events at Dir Yassin  (WWW.DITEXT.COM)  (2014/0801)

Deir Yassin Massacre Key  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

April 11, 1948

THE QALUNYA MASSACRE:

"On 11 April 1948, as part of Operation Nachshon, Hagana forces entered the village and blew up 50 houses. Qalunya was one of four villages that were systematically destroyed by Hagana units in this fashion in the immediate wake of the Deir Yassin massacre; the others being, Beit Surik, Biddu and Saris"

Qalunya  (HTTPS://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)  (2014/0830)

Qalunya Massacre Key  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

May 2, 1948

THE AYN AL-ZAYTUN (ayn el-Zaytoun) MASSACRE:

"Israel occupies Ayn al-Zaytun"

Welcome To 'Ayn al-Zaytun  (WWW.PALESTINEREMEMBERED.COM)  (2014/0819)

May 13, 1948

THE KFAR ETZION MASSACRE:

The Kfar Etzion massacre refers to a massacre that took place after a two-day battle between Jewish settlers and soldiers of Kibbutz Kfar Etzion and a combined force of the Arab Legion and Arab villagers, on May 13, 1948, the day before the Israeli Declaration of Independence. Of the 129 Haganah soldiers and Jewish combatant kibbutzniks who died during the defence of the settlement, Martin Gilbert states that fifteen were murdered on surrendering.

Kfar Etzion massacre  (HTTPS://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)  (2014/0817)

The official Israeli version maintains that the settlers and soldiers were massacred by villagers and the Arab Legion as they were surrendering. The Arab Legion version states that it arrived too late to prevent the villagers' onslaught, which was motivated by a desire to revenge the massacre of Deir Yassin, and the destruction of one of their villages several months earlier.

Kfar Etzion Massacre Key  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

ISRAELIS TAKE THE VILLIAGE OF NAJD:

Long before Israel was created, there were Najd and Huj, two Palestinian villages located fifteen and fourteen kilometres north-east of present-day Gaza City. On 13 May 1948, soldiers from the Israeli Negev Brigade’s 7th Battalion arrived in Najd, expelled the inhabitants to Gaza, and then looted and destroyed their houses. On 31 May 1948, Huj suffered the same fate; its inhabitants, too, expelled to Gaza. Four years later, the city of Sderot was founded on the site of these villages and populated by newly-arrived Moroccan, Kurdish, and Iranian Jews. More recently, their numbers have been swelled by Jewish immigrants from Romania and Russia.

As such, 1948 is directly connected to the rockets landing today on Sderot, this city built to erase hundreds of years of non-Jewish history. Try as they might to escape it, this year of rupture will always torment Sderot’s present inhabitants. They know – how can they not? – those rockets come from the children of the very people they displaced and then pretended had never existed. They also know that the children of Huj and Najd, whom you dismiss as ‘terrorists’, will always remember where their ancestors’ bones lie buried. Their memories of their homeland remain entrenched and immediate. As such, they will never relinquish them. And, indeed, why should they?

Special Report | “You know what is happening”: Letter to an Israeli friend  (HTTP://CEASEFIREMAGAZINE.CO.UK)  (2014/0930)

May 14, 1948

The State of Israel was declared independent on Friday evening May 14, 1948.

May 30, 1948

THE AL LAJJUN MASSACRE:

Haganah raided village, killing many and blowing up homes. Villagers fled.

Al Lajjun Keys  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

ISRAELIS TAKE THE VILLIAGE OF HUJ:

Long before Israel was created, there were Najd and Huj, two Palestinian villages located fifteen and fourteen kilometres north-east of present-day Gaza City. On 13 May 1948, soldiers from the Israeli Negev Brigade’s 7th Battalion arrived in Najd, expelled the inhabitants to Gaza, and then looted and destroyed their houses. On 31 May 1948, Huj suffered the same fate; its inhabitants, too, expelled to Gaza. Four years later, the city of Sderot was founded on the site of these villages and populated by newly-arrived Moroccan, Kurdish, and Iranian Jews. More recently, their numbers have been swelled by Jewish immigrants from Romania and Russia.

As such, 1948 is directly connected to the rockets landing today on Sderot, this city built to erase hundreds of years of non-Jewish history. Try as they might to escape it, this year of rupture will always torment Sderot’s present inhabitants. They know – how can they not? – those rockets come from the children of the very people they displaced and then pretended had never existed. They also know that the children of Huj and Najd, whom you dismiss as ‘terrorists’, will always remember where their ancestors’ bones lie buried. Their memories of their homeland remain entrenched and immediate. As such, they will never relinquish them. And, indeed, why should they?

Special Report | “You know what is happening”: Letter to an Israeli friend  (HTTP://CEASEFIREMAGAZINE.CO.UK)  (2014/0930)

May 1948

Israel was allegedly attacked by five Arab states in May 1948.

Israel was attacked by five Arab States in 1948. What actual Sovereign Israeli territory did they attack?  (HTTP://TALKNIC.WORDPRESS.COM)  (2014/0706)

The Arab League: Declaration on the Invasion of Palestine  (WWW.JEWISHVIRTUALLIBRARY.ORG)  (2014/0707)

Even the JVL admits that what was done was illegal and that the Arabs were lied to.

 

Israel and the Arab Coalition in 1948  (HTTP://USERS.OX.AC.UK)  (2014/0707)

Arab League Declaration on the intervention in Palestine, 15 May 1948  (WWW.RELIGION-SCIENCE-PEACE.ORG)  (2014/0707)

 

The Arab League at War with Israel  (WWW.MYTHSANDFACTS.ORG)  (2014/0706)

A pro-Jewish position.  I need to research the claims presented here as some seem to preposterous to be true.

1948 Arab-Israeli War  (HTTPS://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)  (2014/0707)

The Arab Invasion 1948  (WWW.ERETZYISROEL.ORG)  (2014/0707)

Another pro-Jewish position.  This one gave references that I need to verify as the claims seem outlandish

Hundreds of thousands of Arabs expelled from Palestine.

"The public and propaganda pretense is that the Arabs fled, expecting to return after the victory of Arab armies. In internal records, the pretense is abandoned. See, e.g., the discussion in Sharett's diaries of the cabinet meetings of March 1955 discussing Ben-Gurion's proposal to attack the Gaza Strip, then held by Egypt, and to disperse its inhabitants. In Sharett's words: "The first round would be: Israel aggressively invades the Gaza Strip. The second: Israel causes again the terrified flight of masses of Arab refugees." Sharett opposed this proposal, believing that "what we succeeded in achieving . . . in 1948, cannot be repeated whenever we desire it." For lengthy quotes, see Rokach, Israel's Sacred Terrorism."

ARMAGEDDON IS WELL LOCATED (1978)  by Noam Chomsky  (WWW.DITEXT.COM)  (2014/0723)

June 20, 1948

The Haifa Massacre

"78 Arabs were killed and 24 wounded by a bomb placed inside a vegetable box in a Haifa vegetable market. The Irgun and LEHI gangs were responsible for this."

Notorious massacres of Palestinians between 1937 & 1948  (WWW.MIDDLEEASTMONITOR.COM)  (2014/0817)

September 17, 1948

Zionist group assassinate U.N. mediator Folke Bernadotte and Colonel Andre P. Serot of the French air force

"...Jewish terrorists assassinated Count Folke Bernadotte of Sweden as he sought to bring peace to the Middle East. His three-car convoy had been stopped at a small improvised roadblock in Jewish-controlled West Jerusalem when two gunmen began shooting out the tires of the cars and a third gunman thrust a Schmeisser automatic pistol through the open back window of Bernadotte's Chrysler. The 54-year-old diplomat, sitting on the right in the back, was hit by six bullets and died instantly. A French officer sitting next to Bernadotte was killed accidentally."

"The assassins were members of Lehi (Lohamei Herut Israel—Fighters for the Freedom of Israel), better known as the Stern Gang. Its three leaders had decided a week earlier to have Bernadotte killed because they believed he was partial to the Arabs. One of those leaders was Yitzhak Shamir, who in 1983 would become prime minister of Israel."

Jewish Terrorists Assassinate U.N. Peacekeeper Count Folke Bernadotte  (WWW.WRMEA.ORG)  (2014/0801)

The Assassination of Folke Bernadotte  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

October 28, 1948

THE AL-DAWAYIMA MASSACRE:

The al-Dawayima massacre describes the killing of civilians by the Israeli army (IDF) that took place in the Palestinian Arab town of al-Dawayima on October 28, 1948 during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. The incident occurred after the town was captured by the IDF's 89th Commando Battalion during Operation Yoav. The battalion, whose first commander was Moshe Dayan, was composed of former Irgun and Lehi forces. Fatality estimates range from 80 to 200 men, women and children.

Al-Dawayima massacre  (HTTPS://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)  (2014/0818)

The massacre was seen as a reprisal by the Israelis for the massacre of Jews in Kfar Etzion months before, on May 13, 1948, by Palestinian fighters and some members of the Arab Legion.

The al-Dawayima massacre keys  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

October 29, 1948

The Sa’sa’ (Safsaf) massacre

"The village suffered two massacres committed by Haganah forces: one in mid-February 1948 and the other at the end of October the same year."

Sa'sa'  (HTTPS://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)  (2014/0827)

Sa'sa' Massacres Key  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

October 30, 1948

THE EILABUN (Eilaboun) MASSACRE:

 

 

October 31 - November 1 1948

The Hula massacre (Israeli terrorism)

December 28, 1948

The Haifa Massacre

"Zionist terrorists from the Al-Hadar neighbourhood, located at the top of Al-Abbas Street in Haifa, rolled down a barrel filled with explosives destroying homes and killing 20 Arab citizens, as well as wounding 50 others"

Notorious massacres of Palestinians between 1937 & 1948  (WWW.MIDDLEEASTMONITOR.COM)  (2014/0817)

1949 UpArrow

February 1949

Israeli Terrorism

Israeli terrorists are reported to have carried out similar acts in Iraq in 1949, under instructions from Yigal Allon, a leading representative of the kibbutz movement: "In attempts to portray the Iraqis as anti-American and to terrorize the Jews, the Zionists planted bombs in the U.S. Information Service library and in synagogues. Soon leaflets began to appear urging Jews to flee to Israel" (Wilbur Crane Eveland, Ropes of Sand [New York: Norton, 1980], p. 48). Eveland, who was the military attache of the U.S. embassy in Baghdad and later worked for the CIA in the Middle East as well as serving on the White House and Pentagon policy planning staffs, adds that "although the Iraqi police later provided our embassy with evidence to show that the synagogue and library bombings as well as the anti-Jewish and anti-American leaflet campaigns had been the work of an underground Zionist organization, most of the world believed reports that Arab terrorism had motivated the flight of the Iraqi Jews whom the Zionists had 'rescued' really just in order to increase Israel's Jewish population." Iraqi Jews in Israel have testified to the same effect (cf. Uri Davis and Norton Mezvinsky, Documents from Israel [London: Ithaca Press, 1975]), but their reports received little notice. It will be a long time, no doubt, before a serious account of all of this enters the general or academic literature on Israel.

See Livia Rokach, Le Monde diplomatique (April 1978).

The man in charge of the Israeli terrorist group in Egypt, which bombed U.S. and British installations (as well as public buildings) in an attempt to create hostility between the United States and Nasser, describes these activities in a personal memoir: Avni el-Ad, Decline of Honor (Chicago: Regnery, 1976).

1953 UpArrow

October 13, 1953

The Qibya Massacre

"The Qibya massacre, also known as the Qibya incident, was an operation that occurred in October 1953 when Israeli troops under Ariel Sharon attacked the village of Qibya in the West Bank. At least sixty-nine Palestinian Arab villagers, two-thirds of them women and children, were killed. Forty-five houses, a school, and a mosque were destroyed. The act was condemned by the U.S. State Department, the UN Security Council, and by Jewish communities worldwide. The State Department described the raid as "shocking", and used the occasion to confirm publicly that economic aid to Israel had been suspended previously, for other non-compliance regarding the 1949 Armistice Agreements. The operation was codenamed Operation Shoshana by the Israel Defense Forces (IDF). It was carried out by two Israeli units at night: a paratroop company and Unit 101, a special forces unit of the IDF."

Qibya massacre  (HTTPS://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)  (2014/0730)

Qibya Massacre Keys  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

1954 UpArrow

1954 - 1955

Moshe Sharett, Israel’s first foreign minister and also prime minister in 1954-1955

"The diaries of Moshe Sharett, Israel’s first foreign minister and also prime minister in 1954-1955, records that Ben-Gurion and his allies in the army and security apparatus (especially Moshe Dayan and the present Labor Party leader, Shimon Peres) sought in the early 1950s to heat up the situation on the Egyptian, Jordanian and Syrian borders as a pretext for “retaliatory” military operations and expansion."

Zionism Good and Bad  (HTTP://WWW.MERIP.ORG)  (2014/0723)

February 1954

Operation Susannah (a.k.a. The Levon Affair) and Israeli terrorism

Prime Minister Sharett's personal diaries constitute another historical source that is likely to be consigned to oblivion. For informative excerpts and analysis, see Rokach, Israel's Sacred Terrorism. See pp. 37f. on the sabotage operations in Egypt in 1954. Though Sharett was informed of the facts immediately after the sabotage ring was broken up by Egyptian police, when the trial of the saboteurs took place he denounced "the plot . . . and the show trial . . . against a group of Jews . . . victims of false accusations," and his party's paper (Davar, Labor Party), accused the Egyptian government of "a Nazi-inspired policy." Privately, Sharett was much distressed; he described Defense Minister Lavon, whom he apparently regarded as bearing responsibility for this affair, in these terms, to the secretary-general of the Labor Party: "He inspired and nurtured the unworthy adventuristic army and preached the lesson that not the Arab countries but the Western Powers are the enemy, and the only way to deter them from their conspiracies is by a direct action that will terrorize them."

The Levon Affair  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

ARMAGEDDON IS WELL LOCATED (1978)  by Noam Chomsky  (WWW.DITEXT.COM)  (2014/0723)

1955 UpArrow

February 1955

Israeli raid in the Gaza Strip

Forty (40) Egyptian soldiers killed.

The raid was claimed to be retaliation for the hanging of two saboteurs of an Israeli ring engaged in arson and bombing in Egypt.  Allegedly, it became know six years later that "the spying-sabotage adventure had in fact been mounted by Israeli intelligence" despite the Israeli public show of outrage.

Extracts from Prime Minister Moshe Sharett's journal published in the Hebrew press in 1974 indicate clearly that he understood what had happened, and surely other high government officials were aware of the facts.

ARMAGEDDON IS WELL LOCATED (1978)  by Noam Chomsky  (WWW.DITEXT.COM)  (2014/0723)

1956 UpArrow

1956

Sinai War

October 29, 1956

The Kafr Qasim massacre

"The Kafr Qasim massacre took place in the Israeli Arab village of Kafr Qasim situated on the Green Line, at that time, the de facto border between Israel and the West Bank on October 29, 1956. It was carried out by the Israel Border Police (Magav) and resulted in 48 Arab civilians dead, including 6 women and 23 children aged 8–17. Arab sources usually give the death toll as 49, as they include the unborn child of one of the women.

The border policemen who were involved in the shooting were brought to trial and found guilty and sentenced to prison terms, but all received pardons and were released in a year. The brigade commander was sentenced to pay the symbolic fine of 10 prutot (old Israeli cents). The Israeli court found that the command to kill civilians was “blatantly illegal”.

Kafr Qasim massacre  (HTTPS://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)  (2014/0730)

Kafr Qasim Massacre Keys  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

There is speculation that the massacre at Kafr Qasim was intended to cause panic and trigger flight across the borders in a replicate to what happened in 1948 when the massacre of Deir Yassin was committed.

October 29, 1956

Israel invades Egypt; Suez Crisis begins

1967 UpArrow

1967

The expulsion of thousands of Bedouins, the terror, reprisals, and wars, the further expulsion of hundreds of thousands from the West Bank in 1967

The Six-Day War

1969 UpArrow

December 9 1969

The Rogers Plan proposed.

The Rogers Plan was a framework proposed by United States Secretary of State William P. Rogers to achieve an end to belligerence in the Arab-Israeli conflict following the Six-Day War and the continuing War of Attrition. The plan was publicly proposed in a December 9, 1969 speech at an Adult Education conference.

Rogers Plan  (HTTPS://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)  (2014/0726)

1970 UpArrow

1970

Israel drives a million and a half civilians from the Suez Canal area during the 1970 "war of attrition."

1973 UpArrow

October 1973

War?

Yom Kippur War

1977 UpArrow

November 1977

Menachem Begin and the Likud come to power in Israel.

November 4 1977

The London Economist reported that on November 4, the Lebanese town of Nabatiya "came under heavy artillery fire from Lebanese Maronite positions and also from Israeli batteries on both sides of the frontier -- including some of the six Israeli strongpoints inside Lebanon. (Economist, November 19, 1977)

November 5 1977

The London Economist reported that three women killed among other casualties. (Economist, November 19, 1977)

November 6 1977

The London Economist reported that two rockets fired by Fatah guerrillas killed two Israelis in Nahariya, setting off an artillery battle and a second rocket attack that killed one Israeli. "Then came the Israeli air raids in which some 70 people, nearly all Lebanese, were killed. (Economist, November 19, 1977)

1978 UpArrow

March 1978

Israel invades Lebanon

Quarter-million Arabs driven from their homes in Lebanon

ARMAGEDDON IS WELL LOCATED (1978)  by Noam Chomsky  (WWW.DITEXT.COM)  (2014/0723)

1981 UpArrow

1981

Looking back at the 1977 peace offer.

19. Cf. Quandt, op. cit., pp. 135-36. For the documents, see John N. Moore, ed., The Arab-Israeli Conflict (Princeton: Princeton University Press 1974), vol. 3, pp. 1107f. Israel agreed that Egypt had "expressed its willingness to enter into a peace agreement with Israel" -- in fact, on better terms for Israel than in Sadat's subsequent trip to Jerusalem in November 1977, which was regarded as such a dramatic breakthrough since there was no mention of Palestinian self-determination, which Israel now claims to be the main stumbling block barring a settlement. On Israel's unwillingness to accept Sadat's 1971 offer, see the comments by General Haim Bar-Lev, a cabinet member in the Meir and Rabin governments, in the Labor Party journal Ot, March 9, 1972: "I think that we could obtain a peace settlement on the basis of the earlier [pre-June 1967] borders. If I were persuaded that this is the maximum that we might obtain, I would say: agreed. But I think that it is not the maximum. I think that if we continue to hold out, we will obtain more." Cited by Amnon Kapeliouk, LeMonde diplomatique (October 1977). See also Chapter 11, note 27.

It is intriguing to see how American commentators committed to Israeli power and the denial of Palestinian national rights deal with these annoying facts. According to Theodore Draper, for example, Sadat's 1977 "program called for peace on the most extreme Arab terms, except for those Arab extremists who would be satisfied with nothing but the total destruction of the state of Israel" -- we are presumably to understand that Sadat's program called for the partial destruction of Israel. Draper continues:

For Israel, the dilemma was excruciating. Why and how Israel came to be in the Sinai, Gaza and the West Bank are too often forgotten or ignored. They had been occupied as the result of a war openly instigated by Egypt, Syria and Jordan with the outright, boisterously proclaimed aim of doing away with the very existence of Israel. Even Mr. Sadat admittedly did not accept its existence until he decided to come to Jerusalem. Never having contemplated a victory on the scale of 1967, the Israelis did not know what to do with it and first thought of trading occupied territories for a peace treaty. Nasser's Egypt could have had Mr. Sadat s Jerusalem peace plan for the asking in the summer of 1967.

(Review of Ezer Weizman, The Battle for Peace [New York: Bantam, 1981]; N. Y. Times Book Review, May 17, 1981.)

Let us put aside this rather simple-minded version of the events of 1967 and the claim, for which Draper presents no particle of evidence, that Israel would have agreed to total withdrawal to the pre-June 1967 borders in 1967 (Sadat's "extremist program" of 1977, according to Draper). What is more interesting is Draper's claim that Sadat "admittedly" did not accept the existence of Israel prior to November 1977, and his complete silence concerning the plain fact, typically "forgotten or ignored," that more than six years earlier Sadat had offered Israel terms more favorable to it than those of 1977 while clearly and explicitly "accepting] its existence," only to meet with a complete rebuff on the part of Israel and the United States.

ARMAGEDDON IS WELL LOCATED (1978)  by Noam Chomsky  (WWW.DITEXT.COM)  (2014/0723)

1982 UpArrow

1982

Israel invades Lebanon

"The Israeli invasion of Lebanon in the summer of 1982 divided the Israeli public -- and Jewish communities abroad -- as have few other events in recent years. Many Israelis were shocked by the destruction wrought on Lebanon and the suffering of the Lebanese and Palestinian peoples at the hands of the Israeli military machine. It was evident from the start that the invasion had not been prompted by any imminent threat to Israel’s security. As the war dragged on, as besieged Beirut was ruthlessly and systematically devastated, it became increasingly difficult for Jews, in Israel and elsewhere, to remain silent. Opposition to the war took the form of massive demonstrations, vigils, petitions and anti-war advertisements, and dissidence surfaced even within the Israeli army. The national consensus which had hitherto characterized Israeli politics concerning security issues evaporated. In its place emerged a highly polarized, tense and potentially explosive political situation."

Zionism Good and Bad  (HTTP://WWW.MERIP.ORG)  (2014/0723)

June 8, 1982

Operation Mole Cricket 19

"Operation Mole Cricket 19 was a suppression of enemy air defenses (SEAD) campaign launched by the Israeli Air Force (IAF) against Syrian targets on June 9, 1982, at the outset of the 1982 Lebanon War. The operation was the first time in history that a Western air force successfully destroyed a Soviet-built surface-to-air missile (SAM) network. It also became one of the biggest air battles since World War II, and the biggest since the Korean War. The result was a decisive Israeli victory, leading to the colloquial name the Bekaa Valley Turkey Shoot."

Operation Mole Cricket 19  (HTTPS://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)  (2014/0818)

16-18 September 1982

The Sabra & Shatila Massacres

The Sabra &Shatila Massacres  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)

 

1987 UpArrow

December 1987 - December 1993

First Intifada (Uprising)

Intifada Stats

Occupation 101 Full Documentary  (WWW.YOUTUBE.COM)  (2014/0809)

1994 UpArrow

1994

Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin is assassinated.

1995 UpArrow

1995

Cave of the Patriarchs Massacre

2002 UpArrow

July 22, 2002

Salah Mustafa Muhammad Shehade is assassinated.

"On 22 July 2002, the Israeli Defense Forces targeted the house in which Shahade was hiding using a one ton bomb dropped by a F-16 plane in a neighborhood of Gaza City."

Salah Shehade  (HTTP://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)  (2014/1024)

2003 UpArrow

April 2003

Rachel Corrie killed by Israeli bulldozer

Rachel Corrie was an ISM volunteer from Washington State how was killed by an armored Caterpillar bulldozer in April of 2003. She was attempting to block the destruction of a Palestinian home in the southern Gaza refugee camp of Rafah.

2004 UpArrow

March 22 2004

Israeli forces assassinate Sheikh Ahmed Yassin

Israeli occupying forces assassinated Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, 66, founder and political leader of the Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas), immediately after he had left the mosque after finishing the dawn prayer.

2014 UpArrow

July 3 2014

The Israeli Air Force conducted 15 air strikes in Gaza supposedly directed at Hamas targets in response to a rocket attack from Palestinian militants.  The subsequent bombardment of Gaza during July cut short the unified government’s efforts to take serious steps forward to solidify the unity agreement.

Negotiating a ceasefire agreement was not planned to be the first act of the unity government, but Israel successfully disrupted any planned unification of the Palestinian political system by imposing the latest humanitarian crisis in Gaza. Instead of beginning organizational tasks such as reunifying ministries, integrating Gaza’s security personnel into the national security institutions, merging two legal systems, and holding national elections, the “unity government” effort morphed into a “unity delegation” to deal with the ceasefire. There is a huge difference between a unity government based on a unified political system and a “unified delegation” focused solely on saving what remains of the Gaza Strip.

REFERENCE LINKS:

Cease Fire Violation Keys  (WWW.THEKEYOFKNOWLEDGE.NET)  (2014/1020)

HISTORY OF THE ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN CONFLICT  (HTTP://POV-TC.PBS.ORG)  (2014/0814)

A History of Conflict  (HTTP://NEWS.BBC.CO.UK)  (2014/0814)

Kibbutz  (HTTPS://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)  (2014/0819)