Today's Date: 

INDEX:

INTRODUCTION:

"I think a closer look at the book of Hebrews chapter 8 is appropriate. While verses 6 & 7 can appear to be placing the fault on the covenant, verse 8 makes it crystal clear where the fault lies. The FAULT in the first covenant was THEM and NOT the covenant."

"Note the plural pronoun "them." To this time, there was only one covenant, so if he were referring to the covenant, he would have had to say, "for finding fault with it." But God did not find fault with the Old Covenant. Everything that God does is of the highest order, and the covenant He gave to Israel was more than adequate for His intention at the time. It was not the covenant that failed. It was them—the people—who failed. They did not live up to what the covenant stipulated."

"Everything God does is pure, right, and true. People who say the law is done away and the Old Covenant was a failure imply that there was something wrong with what God gave the people to do. God does not do things like that! We cannot afford to allow that kind of thinking to get into our minds because it puts us on the trail to error and will not help us in our relationship with God. It will greatly affect the way we approach the Bible—the Word of God."

"The Old Covenant is part of the Word of God, and Proverbs 30:5 says, "Every word of God is pure." Therefore, the problem was not with the covenant but was in the people. Specifically, the problem was in their hearts; they were uncircumcised, to use the Bible's term. Their hearts were filled with self-will and therefore rejected what God had to say."

— John W. Ritenbaugh

The Berean

 

A covenant such as our Heavenly Father made with man is permanent and everlasting. Everything God Almighty does is perfect. WE are the ones that disobeyed HIS instructions, there was/is nothing wrong with the Word of God Almighty.

In many regards, a covenant is very much like a modern business contract.

If I have a permanent contract with someone I could decide to add an annual performance bonus to the lifelong contract. I would draft a NEW contract with the bonus language added in and then ask the partner or partners of the contract to see and approve. Once approved we would have a NEW contract and the OLD contract would be done away with and no longer legally binding. Even though they are the same in every way but the performance bonus, the contract would be considered legally NEW and does away with the OLD contract that is the same in every other regard.

The same would be true if I were to remove a penalty clause. If I were to remove the $25 fee for overdraft checks received, I would draft up an identical contract with the service fee removed. If the contract is approved by all parties the NEW contract will have done away with the OLD contract even though they are the same except for one sentence.

The 'bonus clauses' that God Almighty added and the 'penalty clauses' HE removed are clearly delineated in the Scriptures. Near as I can tell, all the rest is pretty much the same.

SCRIPTURAL COVENANTS:

FOUR (4) MAIN TYPES OF COVENANTS:

COVENANT RULES:

NOTE: The following rules of covenants require scriptural references:

Covenant - from 'barah' (1262) (in the sense of cutting (like 'bara'' (1254))); a compact (because made by passing between pieces of flesh):--confederacy, (con-)feder(-ate), covenant, league.

Covenants were eternal - Galatians 3:15

Something of value was typically exchanged

Covenant stones or monuments were typically erected on the site of the covenant.

SCRIPTURE REFERENCES:

Genesis 6:18

Noahide Covenant

18 'But with thee will I establish my covenant; and thou shalt come into the ark, thou, and thy sons, and thy wife, and thy sons' wives with thee.'  (KJV)

This verse is referring to the Noahide Covenant.

Genesis 9:9-17

Noahide Covenant

  9 'And I, behold, I establish my covenant with you, and with your seed after you;'  (KJV)

10 'And with every living creature that is with you, of the fowl, of the cattle, and of every beast of the earth with you; from all that go out of the ark, to every beast of the earth.'  (KJV)

11 'And I will establish my covenant with you, neither shall all flesh be cut off any more by the waters of a flood; neither shall there any more be a flood to destroy the earth.'  (KJV)

12 'And God said, This is the token of the covenant which I make between me and you and every living creature that is with you, for perpetual generations:'  (KJV)

13 'I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth.'  (KJV)

14 'And it shall come to pass, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that the bow shall be seen in the cloud:'  (KJV)

15 'And I will remember my covenant, which is between me and you and every living creature of all flesh; and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh.'  (KJV)

16 'And the bow shall be in the cloud; and I will look upon it, that I may remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is upon the earth.'  (KJV)

17 'And God said unto Noah, This is the token of the covenant, which I have established between me and all flesh that is upon the earth.'  (KJV)

These verses are referring to the Noahide Covenant.

Genesis 15:17-18

Abrahamic covenant #1
Covenant of the pieces

17 "And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace, and a burning lamp that passed between those pieces."  (KJV)

18 "In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates:"  (KJV)

Leviticus 2:13

Salt Covenant

13 'And every oblation of thy meat offering shalt thou season with salt; neither shalt thou suffer the salt of the covenant of thy God to be lacking from thy meat offering: with all thine offerings thou shalt offer salt.'  (KJV)

Salt Covenant

Numbers 18:19-21

Salt Covenant

19 'All the heave offerings of the holy things, which the children of Israel offer unto the LORD, have I given thee, and thy sons and thy daughters with thee, by a statute for ever: it is a covenant of salt for ever before the LORD unto thee and to thy seed with thee.'  (KJV)

Covenant of Salt

20 'And the LORD spake unto Aaron, Thou shalt have no inheritance in their land, neither shalt thou have any part among them: I am thy part and thine inheritance among the children of Israel.'  (KJV)

21 'And, behold, I have given the children of Levi all the tenth in Israel for an inheritance, for their service which they serve, even the service of the tabernacle of the congregation.'  (KJV)

Numbers 25-12

Peace Covenant

12 "Wherefore say, Behold, I give unto him my covenant of peace:"  (KJV)

Covenant of Peace

Numbers 25-13

Everlasting Priesthood Covenant

13 "And he shall have it, and his seed after him, even the covenant of an everlasting priesthood; because he was zealous for his God, and made an atonement for the children of Israel."  (KJV)

Covenant of an Everlasting Priesthood

Deuteronomy 9:9

Tables of the Covenant

"When I was gone up into the mount to receive the tables of stone, even the tables of the covenant which the LORD made with you, then I abode in the mount forty days and forty nights, I neither did eat bread nor drink water:"  (KJV)

The Tables of the Covenant.

Deuteronomy 9:11

Tables of the Covenant

"11 And it came to pass at the end of forty days and forty nights, that the LORD gave me the two tables of stone, even the tables of the covenant."  (KJV)

The Tables of the Covenant.

  1 "And an angel of the LORD came up from Gilgal to Bochim, and said, I made you to go up out of Egypt, and have brought you unto the land which I sware unto your fathers; and I said, I will never break my covenant with you."  (KJV)

Translation Difference

"And the Messenger of YHWH came up from Gilgal to Bokim, and said, "I led you up from Mitsrayim and brought you to the land of which I swore to your fathers, and I said, 'I do not break My covenant with you,"  (The ISR Scriptures)

"And the Malach-YHWH 711  came up from Gilgal to Bochim, and said, I made you to go up out of Mitzrayim, and have brought you to the land that I swore to your ahvot; and I said, I will never break My brit with you."  (The Restoration Scriptures)

711  - The same Guardian-Metatron that has YHWH's Name speaking in the first person is no doubt Yahshua.

The KJV "An angel of the LORD..." seems to be a mistranslation.  Depending on one's belief, either 'God the Father' or 'God the Son' brought the children of Israel up out of the land of Egypt/Mitsarim.  Since this verse mentions an angel and not God Almighty, it MUST be referring to 'God the Son' or "THE angel of the LORD...".

Jeremiah 31:32

Broken Covenant

32 "Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD: "  (KJV)

40 "And I will make an everlasting covenant with them, that I will not turn away from them, to do them good; but I will put my fear in their hearts, that they shall not depart from me."  (KJV)

18 "For thus saith the LORD; David shall never want a man to sit upon the throne of the house of Israel; "  (KJV)

Jeremiah 33:20-21

Davidic covenant & Levitical covenant

20 "Thus saith the LORD; If ye can break my covenant of the day, and my covenant of the night, and that there should not be day and night in their season;"  (KJV)

21 "Then may also my covenant be broken with David my servant, that he should not have a son to reign upon his throne; and with the Levites the priests, my ministers."  (KJV)

  4 'The earth mourneth and fadeth away, the world languisheth and fadeth away, the haughty people of the earth do languish.'  (KJV)

  5 'The earth also is defiled under the inhabitants thereof; because they have transgressed the laws, changed the ordinance, broken the everlasting covenant.'  (KJV)

These verses are referring to the Everlasting Covenant

These verses are referring to the whole world and not just the Hebrew people.  This is the only reason, according to all Scriptures, why the earth shall be burned in the day of judgment.

  7 'But they like men have transgressed the covenant: there have they dealt treacherously against me.'  (KJV)

  7 'But like Adam they transgressed the covenant. There they acted treacherously against Me.'  (The ISR Scriptures)

  7 'But like Ahdahm they have transgressed the brit: there have they dealt treacherously against Me.'  (The Restoration Scriptures)

This verse is referring to the Adamic Covenant.

Hosea 8:1-4

Transgressed the covenant.
Set up by Kings not YHWH.

  1 "Set the trumpet to thy mouth. He shall come as an eagle against the house of the LORD, because they have transgressed my covenant, and trespassed against my law."  (KJV)

  2 "Israel shall cry unto me, My God, we know thee."  (The ISR Scriptures)

  3 "Israel hath cast off the thing that is good: the enemy shall pursue him."  (The Restoration Scriptures)

  4 "They have set up kings, but not by me: they have made princes, and I knew it not: of their silver and their gold have they made them idols, that they may be cut off."  (The Restoration Scriptures)

  5 'He hath given meat unto them that fear him: he will ever be mindful of his covenant.'  (KJV)

  9 'He sent redemption unto his people: he hath commanded his covenant for ever: holy and reverend is his name.'  (KJV)

2 Chronicles 13:5

Salt Covenant

  5 "Ought ye not to know that the LORD God of Israel gave the kingdom over Israel to David for ever, even to him and to his sons by a covenant of salt?"  (KJV)

34 'Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world: '

This verse is referring to the Adamic Covenant.

Acts 7:8

Covenant of Circumcision

  8 "And he gave him the covenant of circumcision: and so Abraham begat Isaac, and circumcised him the eighth day; and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob begat the twelve patriarchs."

The Covenant of Circumcision.

I think a closer look at the book of Hebrews chapter 8 is appropriate. While verses 6 & 7 can appear to be placing the fault on the covenant, verse 8 makes it crystal clear where the fault lies. The FAULT in the first covenant was THEM and NOT the covenant.

The Berean - Hebrews 8

A covenant such as our Heavenly Father made with man is permanent and everlasting. Everything God Almighty does is perfect. WE are the ones that disobeyed HIS instructions, there was/is nothing wrong with the Word of God Almighty.

In many regards, a covenant is very much like a modern business contract.

If I have a permanent contract with someone I could decide to add an annual performance bonus to the lifelong contract. I would draft a NEW contract with the bonus language added in and then ask the partner or partners of the contract to see and approve. Once approved we would have a NEW contract and the OLD contract would be done away with and no longer legally binding. Even though they are the same in every way but the performance bonus, the contract would be considered legally NEW and does away with the OLD contract that is the same in every other regard.

The same would be true if I were to remove a penalty clause. If I were to remove the $25 fee for overdraft checks received, I would draft up an identical contract with the service fee removed. If the contract is approved by all parties the NEW contract will have done away with the OLD contract even though they are the same except for one sentence.

The 'bonus clauses' that God Almighty added and the 'penalty clauses' HE removed are clearly delineated in the Scriptures. Near as I can tell, all the rest is pretty much the same.

"Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law." - 1 John 3:4

Galatians 3:12-19

Covenants could not be annulled or added to.

12 'And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them.'

13 'Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree:'

14 'That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.'

15 'Brethren, I speak after the manner of men; Though it be but a man's covenant, yet if it be confirmed, no man disannulleth, or addeth thereto.'

16 'Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ.'

17 'And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect.'

18 'For if the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise: but God gave it to Abraham by promise.'

19 'Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.'

These verses are referring to the Covenant of Promise given to Abraham

20 'Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you,'  (KJV)

This refers to the Messiah being known before the foundation of the world. This meant that YHWH knew that the Messiah would die for our sins before any of the covenants were established.

SUZERAINTY:

"Suzerainty is a situation in which a region or people is a tributary to a more powerful entity, which controls its foreign affairs while allowing the tributary vassal state internal autonomy. The dominant entity in the suzerainty relationship, or the more powerful entity itself, is called a suzerain. The term suzerainty was originally used to describe the relationship between the Ottoman Empire and its surrounding regions. It differs from sovereignty in that the tributary enjoys some (often limited) self-rule."

Suzerainty  (HTTP://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)  (2014/1206)

Hittite Suzerainty Treaty.

  • Preamble: Identifies the parties involved in the treaty
  • Prologue: Lists the deeds already performed by the Suzerain on behalf of the vassal
  • Stipulations: Terms to be upheld by the vassal for the life of the treaty
  • Provision for annual public reading: A copy of the treaty was to be read aloud annually in the vassal state for the purpose of renewal
  • Divine witness to the treaty: These usually include the deities of both the Suzerain and the vassal
  • Blessings if the stipulations of the treaty are upheld and curses if the stipulations are not upheld
  • Sacrificial Meal: Both parties would share a meal to show their participation in the treaty

YHWH's Suzerainty Treaty.

REFERENCE LINKS:

Covenant Relationships  (WWW.NAZARENEISRAEL.ORG)  (2012/1028)

NOTE: This teaching has an excellent chapter on the Marriage Covenant.

The Hebrew Word Picture for Covenant (Berit)  (WWW.FACEBOOK.COM)  (02/09/12)

Covenant (biblical)  (HTTP://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)

"What is the Abrahamic Covenant?"  (HTTP://WWW.GOTQUESTIONS.ORG)

THE ABRAHAMIC COVENANT  (WWW.TMS.EDU)

The Abrahamic Covenant  (HTTP://HADAVAR.ORG)

THE ABRAHAMIC COVENANT  (HTTP://JAHTRUTH.NET)

Abrahamic Covenant  (WWW.THEOPEDIA.COM)

The Difference Is In The Dispensations  (WWW.BIBLEBELIEVERS.COM)

Abrahamic Covenant  (WWW.AGAPEBIBLESTUDY.COM)

Abrahamic Covenant I  (WWW.LIGONIER.ORG)

The Abrahamic Covenant  (WWW.BIBLETRACK.ORG)

What is a Covenant?  (WWW.TRINITY-AT-THE-MARKETPLACE.ORG)  (2014/1206)

Covenants in the Ancient Near East  (WWW.TRINITY-AT-THE-MARKETPLACE.ORG)  (2014/1206)

SUZERAINTY REFERENCE LINKS:

Suzerainty  (HTTP://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG)  (2014/1206)

The Big Biblical Covenants and their Relationship to Hittite Suzerainty Treaties  (WWW.ONEFAITHONECHURCH.COM)  (2014/1206)

Our God is a Suzerainty Treaty  (WWW.ONEFAITHONECHURCH.COM)  (2014/1206)

Robert Vannoy, Deuteronomy, Lecture 5B  (HTTPS://FACULTY.GORDON.EDU)  (2014/1206)

Covenant and Covenants in the Bible  (WWW.BIBLICALSTUDIES.ORG.UK)  (2014/1206)

Contains an informative comparative chart of covenants.

THE ANCIENT NEAR EASTERN TREATIES AND THE OLD TESTAMENT  (WWW.BIBLICALSTUDIES.ORG.UK)  (2014/1206)

Understanding God’s Everlasting Covenant  (HTTP://GOSPEL-HERALD.COM)  (2014/1206)

This study seems to present a dispensationist perspective.

The Significance of the Ancient Near Eastern Treaty Pattern  (WWW.TYNDALEHOUSE.COM)  (2014/1206)

This study presents some interesting examples of parity treaties.

Israelite Covenants in the Light of Ancient Near Eastern Covenants  (HTTP://CHAFER.NEXTMETA.COM)  (2014/1206)

This study presents some interesting contrasts between the Israelite and Near Eastern covenants.

The Role of the “Historical Prologue” in the Hittite Vassal Treaties: An Early Experiment in Securing Treaty Compliance  (WWW.ACADEMIA.EDU)  (2014/1206)

A very detailed study.

Brief Summary of Suzerain Treaties  (WWW.FIVESOLAS.COM)  (2014/1206)